Child benefit can only be transferred to one person, regardless of how many are entitled to it. Therefore, regulates the handling of several claimants, such as separated parents. The law states that the child benefit is paid to the parent in whose household the child lives. If the child does not live in the household of his mother or his father, the parent receives the child benefit, which pays the higher maintenance. If this makes it impossible to distinguish, for example, because no maintenance is paid, both parties should agree and determine who should be entitled to child benefit. If such an agreement is not possible, you can file an application and a family court decides who the child beneficiary is. This appointment should be with a child custody lawyer. He can best represent your interests. Child benefit entitlement: If no parents available While it has been stated above that only the parents or guardians are entitled to child benefits, the children who do not have one or the other will of course not be disadvantaged. With a special application form, a full orphan can apply for child benefit. 2 BKGG and gets paid directly. Even if the child no longer has contact with his or her parents, it is possible to claim child allowance with a separate application form as a child. However, this does not apply if, for example, the child was admitted to the grandparents.